Phonological Awareness Resources, Activities & Videos

Teaching Phonological Awareness

Phonological awareness is the ability to attend to the sounds of language, as distinct from its meaning (NRC, 1998). It is comprised of two levels: phonological sensitivity, meaning a “conscious awareness of larger, more salient sound structures within words, including syllables and sub-syllabic elements (onsets and rimes)” and phonemic awareness, meaning explicit awareness of the individual phonemes—the distinct units of sound—that comprise spoken words (Brady, 2012, p. 20). In their meta-analysis of the research on teaching reading, the NRP found that “teaching children to manipulate the sounds in language helps them learn to read.”

Phoneme Segmentation Activity

Grade range: PK – 1st

This activity can be used to help emerging readers segment words into individual phonemes in a small or whole group setting.

Materials:
  • Free Phoneme Segmentation Activity
  • Plastic Counters or Coins
Page 1: Picture/Phoneme Key
Page 2-3: Picture Boxes
Page 4-13: Picture Cards

 

Short a, i and o Game

Grade range: PK – 1st

This activity can be used to help emerging readers practice reading words with short a, i and o sounds.

Materials:

  • Free Short a, i, and o activity
  • Plastic Counters or Coins
  • Dice
Page 1: Instructions
Page 2-3: Game Board
Page 4-13: Picture Key

 

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